If you are a couple and you are struggling to have a baby but it is just not happening, you sometime wonder if the issue could either come from you or your partner, this article is to help you understand about infertility in men and women, so that you can step up and talk to your doctor.
The doctors make us understand that infertility that’s in men and women, is when you have unprotected sex and don’t get pregnant after a period of a year, been infertile does not really mean one is “sterile” which means unable to ever have a child.
What Is Infertility?
It is best to understand the meaning of infertility so you could know when to take a step. Infertility in men and women is a condition whereby the reproductive system prevents the conception of children, it affects not less than 10-15% of couples. In most situations like this it could be that one partner can’t contribute to conception. Infertility does not mean that one wouldn’t have kids forever unless the situation is called unexplained infertility.
Infertility In Women
AGE: The ability to conceive have a lot to do with age for most women at older the number of her eggs decreases, which increases the chance of chromosomal abnormalities. The ability to conceive falls at the age range of 32 years.
OVULATION DISORDERS: If a woman is said to have ovulation disorder she might go through infrequent ovulation or not at all.
UTERINE FIBROIDS: This fibroids are noncancerous growths, the presence of tis growths may not cause infertility.
SMOKING: It significantly increase the risk of infertility in men and women and can help reduce the fertility treatment.
PELVIC OR SEXUAL TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS: Infections like chlamydia can damage the fallopian tubes in a woman, some other infections can lead to infertility in men and women.
Infertility in men
Common issues with this in men is sperm.
EJACULATION DISORDER: It is premature ejaculation which is at the stage when semen enters the bladder during orgasm instead of coming out.
INFECTIONS: Infections like mumps,gonorrhea can lead to affect sperm production in men or blockage of sperm.
HORMONE IMBALANCE: Infertility in men can result from disorders of the testicles affecting other hormonal systems .
SEXUAL ISSUES: Troubles with erection , painful intercourse and premature ejaculation.
Test for infertility for men and women are:
- Hormone testing
- Genetic testing
- Semen analysis
- Ovarian reserve testing
- Hormone testing
- Ovulation testing
Treatment of infertility
Treatments of infertility that’s in men and women have been made easy today by technology although it depends on one personal situation. In most cases it could either be the man or the woman who needs this treatments or both partners.
Treatments in women:
- In vitro fertilization(IVF)
This method is when eggs are taken from ovaries and fertilized by sperm in a lab, then they develop into embryos.
- Intrauterine insemination(IUI)
A healthy sperm would be collected and inserted directly into your uterus when you are ovulating. Depends on the reason for infertility.
Stimulate ovulation: Fertility drugs are good for treatment in women whose infertility is caused by ovulation disorder.
Treatments in men:
Surgery: Surgery may help restore sperm blockage, which increases the chances in pregnancy.
Medications: Some medication may help improve the man’s sperm count to achieve a successful pregnancy, this medication is to help increase sperm production.
Retrieval of sperm: When sperm is not present in the ejaculated fluid.
These article has made us understand that Infertility in men and women treatments can be expensive, and sometimes involves difficult procedures. There’s no guarantee that even after all the testing and counseling you will get pregnant.